Kagoshima City > Hospitals > Finding A Hospital

Main content starts here.

Finding A Hospital

Types of Hospitals

Hospitals can be broadly divided between general hospitals (which allow patients to be admitted overnight and are fitted with testing equipment), and private clinics and medical offices (which usually allow patients to have a more familiar relationship with personnel). Most private clinics and medical offices do not have the facilities for patients to be admitted, and so are recommended when you need to seek medical advice with only mild symptoms. On the other hand, general hospitals are equipped with inpatient facilities and testing equipment, and so, where necessary, are recommended when you need to receive specialist treatment.

You should investigate what kinds of medical facilities are in your area, so that you do not get flustered in the event you get sick. Furthermore, different hospitals have different consultation hours and some require appointments to be made. It is a good idea to check these in advance.

Hospital Departments

The type of illness or injury determines which hospital department you need to go to. Typical departments include internal medicine, surgery and pediatrics. In general hospitals, departments are further subdivided so that you can receive treatment that is more specialized. Some hospitals specialize in only certain departments.

The following table provides a brief description of each department.

Internal medicine

Treats colds and other general illnesses. If you are not sure what illness you have, this is often a good place to be looked at first.


Provides treatment for cuts and other external wounds.


Treats children up to the end of elementary school for general illnesses.

Orthopedic surgery

Provides treatment related to bones, joints and muscles, such as bone fractures, sprains and lower-back pain.


As well as treating general eye diseases, also conducts eyesight tests.


Provides treatment for teeth, such as treating tooth decays. (Usually, advance appointments are required.)

Other departments include otolaryngology, dermatology, obstetrics and gynecology, urology, psychiatry and neurosurgery.

If you are not sure which department you should go to at a general hospital, ask at reception by describing your symptoms.